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Legal Dictionary

A

Abogado
Lawyer or Solicitor
Acta
A document prepared by a notary to enter a property into the land register.
Acta de Notoriedad
Procedures for registration in the land register if the basic principle of the continuous registration was interrupted.
Afecciones Registrales
Noted encumbrances on the property in the land register.
Agrupación
Combining parcels of land.
Albacea
Executor.
Alquiler
Rent.
Alta Catastral
Official value of property (calculated by the town hall and always lower than true value).
Arras
Deposit.
Arrendamiento de Obra
Contract for work and labour. e.g. a contract between a builder and owner of property for renovation work.
Asiento de Presentación
Note of conveyance. Protection of the purchaser for a certain period of time against further registrations.
Ayuntamiento
Town Hall.

B

Beneficiario
Beneficiary
Bien
Asset, property
Boletin de Enganche
Certificate for the installation of electrical facilities. Precondition for getting access to electrical power.
Bruto
Gross

C

Caja
Savings Bank
Cancelación
Cancellation.
Catastro
It is a system of property registration. The term appears in the catastral certificate.
Cédula
Certificate of occupancy, licence.
Certificación
Certification.
Certificado Bancario de Divisas
Certificate from the bank that the price of purchase was paid.
Certificado Final de Obra
Certificate from the Architect that the construction is completed.
Código Civil
Civil law.
Colegio Oficial de Arquitectos
Chamber of Architects.
Comunidad de Propietarios
Community of owners in an urbanisation.
Condición Resolutoria
A condition under which a wanted (intended) juridical consequence does not occur.
Condición Suspensiva
A condition under which a juridical consequence only occurs if certain other circumstances and assumptions occur prior to it.
Contrato de Arrendamiento
Rental contract.
Contrato de Opción
A contract, which contains certain options offer certain rights. e.g. a rental contract may have the option to buy the property at a time determined in the agreement.
Contribución
Tax, rate.
Copropietarios
Co-owners.
Cuota
Membership-fee. In this case normally the community fee payable calculated by number of copropietarios.

D

Declaración de Obra Nueva
The declaration of the construction of new buildings. Needs to be declared by a notary.
Declaración de la Renta
Income Tax Return
Delegación de Urbanismo
Surveyors office of the community that grants building permits.
Demarcación de Costas
Department for the protection of the coastline.
Derecho de Retención
Right of retention. E.g. the right of one party to retain contributions should the other party not comply with one or more terms of the contract.
Derecho de Superficie
Land rights.
Deuda
Debt
División
A claim to disband a joint owner community.
Domiciliación de Pagos
Standing order to Bank for payment of bills.

E

Edificabilidad Máxima
The maximum construction area (at all levels).
Embargo
Seizure or retention.
Empadronar
Register with the town council census.
Enajenable
Transferable, disposable.
Engaño
Misrepresentation, fraud.
Entrega
Delivery, completion.
Escritura
The certificate of purchase issued by the notary.

F

Factura
Bill
Fianza
Security payment or deposit.
Finca
Either a piece of country land with or without built property upon it.
Finca Registral
Registered land with or without built property upon it.
Firma
Closing, signature

G

Gastos
Expenses
Gravamen
Lien, levy, tax.

H

Hacienda Pública
Spanish tax office
Heredar
Inherit.
Hipoteca
Mortgage.
Honorarios
Fees.

I

I.B.I (Impuesto sobre Bienes Inmuebles)
Common ground tax or local rates
Impuesto de Actos Juridicos Documentados
Stamp- duty; approximately 0.5 % of the purchase price.
Impuesto de Transmisiones Patrimoniales
Transfer tax or Purchase tax on real estate, 7% of the sum mentioned in the "escritura".
Impuestro sobre Construcciones, Instalaciones y Obras
Local tax for new constructions and any work needed.
Impuesto sobre el Patrimonio
Property tax.
Impuesto sobre Sucesiones y Donacioes
Death duty and inheritance tax.
Impuestos Municipales
Municipal or local taxes.
Indemnización
Compensation.
Inscribir
Register, record.
Institución de Heredero
The insertion of one or several heirs.
IVA (Impuesto sobre el Valor Añadido)
Value added tax (VAT), normally 7%

J

Juicio
Trial.
Juzgado
Court of Law.

L

Ley de Arrendamientos Urbanos
Urban rental law.
Ley de la Propiedad Horizontal
Tenants law. This law applies to apartments, town houses, villas and complete urbanisations.
Ley de Suelo
Ground law.
Licencia de Obras
Building permission (license).
Licencia de Apertura
Licence to open a business.
Libre de Cargas
Free of Charges
Liquidación
Payoff, settlement.

N

NIE (Número Personal de Identificación de Extranjero)
Tax identification number for non-residents.
NIF (Número de Identificación Fiscal)
Tax identification number for residents.
Nota Simple Informativa
extract from the land register, kind of X-ray picture from the estate and the property.

O

Obligación Personal
Unlimited tax obligation for residents.
Obligación Real
Limited tax obligation for non-residents.
Ocupación Máxima
The maximum permitted roof area of a property.
Oficina de Catastro
Land office
OMIC (Oficina Municipal de Información al Consumidor)
Local consumer information office

P

Parcela
Plot of land.
Patrimonio
Capital Assets.
Perito
Person who checks the installation of electrical points etc. and advises on architectural safety matters.
Permiso de Obra Menor
Permission for smaller construction works.
Lan Parcial
Partial development plan of a community or urbanisation.
Planta
Floor (i.e. in an apartment building).
Plusvalía
Growth-of-value tax.
Posesión
Property or possession.
Precio
Price of purchase.
Procurador
Representative of a party at the court, besides the lawyer.
Promotor
Promoter.
Propiedad
Property or possession.
Propietario
Owner or property or possession.
Protocolización
confirmation of a foreign document or certificate by protocolation at a Spanish notary.
Proyecto de Ejecución de Obra
The proposal for building held until receipt of the permission for construction.
Poder
Power of Attorney

R

Recepción Definitiva
Final acceptance of the construction.
Registro de la Propiedad
Land registrar.
Residente
Resident
Retención
Withholding tax retained

S

S.A. (Sociedad Anónima)
Public limited company.
S.L. (Sociedad Limitada)
Society with limited liability.
Saneamiento
Liability for defects.
Segregación
Separation of a part of the property.
Separación a Linderos
Minimum distance between neighbouring properties.
Servidumbre de Transito
Transit rights. (when direct access to the plot and person or persons have to pass through another's property).
Solar
Plot.
Suelo no Urbanizable
Land protected from building.
Suelo Urbanizable
Unprotected land for building.
Suelo Urbano
Urban or built up land.
Seguro
Insurance.
Subrogación
Assignment, subrogation

T

Tasa
Rates.
Toma de Posesión
Taking possession.
Traspaso
Payment for the transfer of rental or lease contracts - normally for an established business.
Testamento
Will
TAE
Annual percentage rate.
Transmisión
Transfer, Conveyance.
Tributos Territoriales
Land Charges

U

U.T.M.
The number of a registered plot.
Urbanización Privada
Private community or development.
Uso de Oficinas
To use as an office.
Usurpación
Appropriation of a property over a certain period of time (fixed).
Usufructo
Usufruct right at a real estate.

V

Valor Catastral
Official value of property (calculated by the town hall and used to generate the rate of ground tax).
Valor Comprobado por la Administración
Assumed value of real estate as a base for the property tax.
Valor Real
Real value.
Valor de Escritura
Value according to purchase contract.
Vivienda
Home

Z

Zona de Servidumbre de Protección
Protected area up to 200 metres inland from the coast certain rules governing construction are in place.
 

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